Abstract Title

TIME COURSE OF CHANGES IN GLUTAMATERGIC TRANSMISSION WITHIN NTS DURING CIH EXPOSURE AND THE ROLE OF ΔFOSB

Presenter Name

Qiong Wu

Abstract

ΔFosB is a transcription factor induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), a model of the arterial hypoxemia seen in sleep apnea patients. We reported that 7 days of CIH increases the amplitude of mEPSCs recorded in 2nd order arterial chemoreceptor NTS neurons. We hypothesize that NTS injection of a dominant-negative construct of ΔFosB (provided by Dr. E. Nestler) to block the function of ΔFosB will block the CIH increase in mEPSC. A brain slice preparation was used to record mEPSCs by whole cell patch clamp in a normoxia group and in rats exposed to CIH of differing durations. mEPSC amplitude in normoxia group and after 1, 3, 5, and 7 days CIH exposure averaged 12.3±0.8 pA (n=12), 19.6±1.3 pA (n=11), 17.5±1.6 pA (n=11), 16.7±1.2 pA (n=21), 18.2±0.8 pA (n=7), respectively (all p<.05 vs. normoxia). 1 day after a 7 day exposure, mEPSC amplitude remained increased (17.5±1.6 pA, n=4), after 3 day recovery mEPSC amplitude was similar to normoxia (12.9±1.0 pA, n=7). AAV-GFP-ΔJunD construct was microinjected into NTS to block the function of ΔFosB, then GFP labeled second order NTS neurons were recorded after 1 day and 7 days CIH exposure. ΔFosB inhibition decreased the amplitudes of mEPSCs to normoxia levels in both groups, 13.9±0.6 pA (n=10), 13.0±0.6 pA (n=19), respectively. CIH rapidly enhances the post-synaptic response to glutamatergic synaptic transmission within the NTS and ΔFosB plays a role in mediating this enhancement.

Presentation Type

Poster

Purpose (a):

ΔFosB is a transcription factor induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), a model of the arterial hypoxemia seen in sleep apnea patients. We reported that 7 days of CIH increases the amplitude of mEPSCs recorded in 2nd order arterial chemoreceptor NTS neurons. We hypothesize that NTS injection of a dominant-negative construct of ΔFosB (provided by Dr. E. Nestler) to block the function of ΔFosB will block the CIH increase in mEPSC.

Methods (b):

A brain slice preparation was used to record mEPSCs from second order NTS neurons by whole cell patch clamp in a normoxia group and in rats exposed to CIH of differing durations.

AAV-GFP-ΔJunD construct was microinjected into NTS to block the function of ΔFosB, then GFP labeled second order NTS neurons were recorded after 1 day and 7 days CIH exposure.

Results (c):

mEPSC amplitude in normoxia group and after 1, 3, 5, and 7 days CIH exposure averaged 12.3±0.8 pA (n=12), 19.6±1.3 pA (n=11), 17.5±1.6 pA (n=11), 16.7±1.2 pA (n=21), 18.2±0.8 pA (n=7), respectively (all p

ΔFosB inhibition decreased the amplitudes of mEPSCs to normoxia levels in both 1 day and 7 days CIH groups, 13.9±0.6 pA (n=10), 13.0±0.6 pA (n=19), respectively.

Conclusions (d):

CIH rapidly enhances the post-synaptic response to glutamatergic synaptic transmission within the NTS and ΔFosB plays a role in mediating this enhancement.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 

TIME COURSE OF CHANGES IN GLUTAMATERGIC TRANSMISSION WITHIN NTS DURING CIH EXPOSURE AND THE ROLE OF ΔFOSB

ΔFosB is a transcription factor induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), a model of the arterial hypoxemia seen in sleep apnea patients. We reported that 7 days of CIH increases the amplitude of mEPSCs recorded in 2nd order arterial chemoreceptor NTS neurons. We hypothesize that NTS injection of a dominant-negative construct of ΔFosB (provided by Dr. E. Nestler) to block the function of ΔFosB will block the CIH increase in mEPSC. A brain slice preparation was used to record mEPSCs by whole cell patch clamp in a normoxia group and in rats exposed to CIH of differing durations. mEPSC amplitude in normoxia group and after 1, 3, 5, and 7 days CIH exposure averaged 12.3±0.8 pA (n=12), 19.6±1.3 pA (n=11), 17.5±1.6 pA (n=11), 16.7±1.2 pA (n=21), 18.2±0.8 pA (n=7), respectively (all p<.05 vs. normoxia). 1 day after a 7 day exposure, mEPSC amplitude remained increased (17.5±1.6 pA, n=4), after 3 day recovery mEPSC amplitude was similar to normoxia (12.9±1.0 pA, n=7). AAV-GFP-ΔJunD construct was microinjected into NTS to block the function of ΔFosB, then GFP labeled second order NTS neurons were recorded after 1 day and 7 days CIH exposure. ΔFosB inhibition decreased the amplitudes of mEPSCs to normoxia levels in both groups, 13.9±0.6 pA (n=10), 13.0±0.6 pA (n=19), respectively. CIH rapidly enhances the post-synaptic response to glutamatergic synaptic transmission within the NTS and ΔFosB plays a role in mediating this enhancement.