Abstract Title

THE EFFECT OF LS-1-137, A NOVEL PHENYLACETAMIDE SIGMA 1 RECEPTOR SELECTIVE AGONIST ON SCOPOLAMINE-DEPENDENT COGNITIVE DEFICIT IN C57BL/6J MICE.

Presenter Name

Maninder Malik

Abstract

Cognitive deficits are observed in aged population and in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Cognitive deficits often involve alterations in brain signaling. Currently available therapeutic drugs provide only symptomatic relief and generally become ineffective as disease progresses. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents are needed to retard and/or arrest the progressive loss of memory forming cells. Scopolamine-induced memory impairment model provides a relatively rapid and reversible screening paradigm for cognition enhancement drug discovery. In this study, mice were administered scopolamine and were used to evaluate the ability of LS-1-137, a novel drug, to improve the cognitive deficits. Our study results indicate that LS-1-137 may represent a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of age and disease related cognitive deficits.

Purpose (a):

Cognitive deficits are observed in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, traumatic brain injury and stroke. These deficits often involve alterations in cholinergic signaling. Currently available therapeutic drugs provide only symptomatic relief and generally become ineffective as a neurodegenerative disorder progresses. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents are needed to retard and/or arrest the progressive loss of memory forming cells.

Methods (b):

A filtration-binding assay was used to characterize the binding properties of a novel sigma compound at D2-like dopamine receptors, muscarinic receptors and at sigma receptors. Co-immunoprecipitation assay was used for the quantification of Sigma 1 receptor-binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP) complex formation. LS-1-137 mediated brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In this study, male C57BL/6J mice injected with scopolamine were used as experimental model to evaluate the in vivo cognitive properties of the test drug. The neuroprotective properties were evaluated using water maze and active avoidance test.

Results (c):

LS-1-137 binds with high affinity (Ki = 3.2 nM) at sigma 1 receptors and is 80-fold selective for sigma 1 compared to sigma 2 receptor. LS-1-137 binds with low affinity at D2-like (D2, D3 and D4) dopamine and muscarinic receptors. LS-1-137 was found to partially reverse the learning and memory deficits associated with scopolamine administration using a water maze test and an active avoidance task. LS-1-137 treatment modulates sigma 1 receptor- BiP complex formation and also triggers the release of BDNF from rat astrocytes.

Conclusions (d):

LS-1-137 may represent a novel candidate cognitive enhancer for the treatment of cholinergic muscarinic-dependent cognitive deficits.

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THE EFFECT OF LS-1-137, A NOVEL PHENYLACETAMIDE SIGMA 1 RECEPTOR SELECTIVE AGONIST ON SCOPOLAMINE-DEPENDENT COGNITIVE DEFICIT IN C57BL/6J MICE.

Cognitive deficits are observed in aged population and in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Cognitive deficits often involve alterations in brain signaling. Currently available therapeutic drugs provide only symptomatic relief and generally become ineffective as disease progresses. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents are needed to retard and/or arrest the progressive loss of memory forming cells. Scopolamine-induced memory impairment model provides a relatively rapid and reversible screening paradigm for cognition enhancement drug discovery. In this study, mice were administered scopolamine and were used to evaluate the ability of LS-1-137, a novel drug, to improve the cognitive deficits. Our study results indicate that LS-1-137 may represent a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of age and disease related cognitive deficits.