Abstract Title

Relationship of Poor Oral Health to Depression in US Adults

Presenter Name

Hemanth Rudraraju

Abstract

Purpose

Oral health is a key component of the overall health of individuals. In 2012, an estimated 16 million adults in the U.S had at least one major depressive episode in the past year which represented 6.9 percent of all the U.S adults2. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between poor dental health and depression in US adults, adjusting for demographic and health risk variables.

Methods

We analyzed data from 4949 adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES 2011-2012)1. Decayed Missing Filled Surfaces (DMFS) Index was used as a measure of oral health. Depression was measured as a subjective score based on answers to the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) designed by the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Ordinal logistic regression was performed to examine if depression was associated with poor oral health. We used SAS© 9.3 for the analyses. We adjusted for confounding variables including age, race, gender, smoking status, marital status and diet.

Results

Poor dental health as measured by DMFS, is only weakly associated with depression. We estimated the adjusted odds ratio for depression in people with poor oral health to be 1.01 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.03; p= 0.4).

Conclusion

There is a weak positive association between poor oral health and depression that is independent of age, race, gender, smoking status, marital status and diet.

References

1) United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health S: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2011-2012. Retrieved from http://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/search/datapage.aspx?Component=Questionnaire&CycleBeginYear=2011.

2) United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institute of Health. National Institute of Mental Health, Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtml

3) O’Neil, A., Berk, M., Venugopal, K., Kim, S. W., Williams, L. J., & Jacka, F. N. (2014). The association between poor dental health and depression: findings from a large-scale, population-based study (the NHANES study). General hospital psychiatry, 36(3), 266-270.

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Relationship of Poor Oral Health to Depression in US Adults

Purpose

Oral health is a key component of the overall health of individuals. In 2012, an estimated 16 million adults in the U.S had at least one major depressive episode in the past year which represented 6.9 percent of all the U.S adults2. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between poor dental health and depression in US adults, adjusting for demographic and health risk variables.

Methods

We analyzed data from 4949 adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES 2011-2012)1. Decayed Missing Filled Surfaces (DMFS) Index was used as a measure of oral health. Depression was measured as a subjective score based on answers to the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) designed by the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Ordinal logistic regression was performed to examine if depression was associated with poor oral health. We used SAS© 9.3 for the analyses. We adjusted for confounding variables including age, race, gender, smoking status, marital status and diet.

Results

Poor dental health as measured by DMFS, is only weakly associated with depression. We estimated the adjusted odds ratio for depression in people with poor oral health to be 1.01 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.03; p= 0.4).

Conclusion

There is a weak positive association between poor oral health and depression that is independent of age, race, gender, smoking status, marital status and diet.

References

1) United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health S: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2011-2012. Retrieved from http://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/search/datapage.aspx?Component=Questionnaire&CycleBeginYear=2011.

2) United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institute of Health. National Institute of Mental Health, Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtml

3) O’Neil, A., Berk, M., Venugopal, K., Kim, S. W., Williams, L. J., & Jacka, F. N. (2014). The association between poor dental health and depression: findings from a large-scale, population-based study (the NHANES study). General hospital psychiatry, 36(3), 266-270.