Community Health and Prevention

Presentation Title (IN ALL CAPS)

IDENTIFYING HEALTH PRIORITIES AMONG PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING RESIDENTS

Departmental Affiliation and City, State, Zip for All Authors

Sarita Roland-Health Coach-School of Public Health-University of North Texas Health Science Center-Fort Worth, TX 76107; Heather Kitzman-Ulrich-Assistant Professor, Behavioral & Community Health-University of North Texas Health Science Center-Fort Worth, TX 76107; Emily Spence-Almaguer-Associate Professor, Behavioral & Community Health-University of North Texas Health Science Center-Fort Worth, TX 76107; Scott T. Walters-Professor, Behavioral & Community Health--University of North Texas Health Science Center-Fort Worth, TX 76107

Classification

Other

Research Presentation Category

Community Health and Prevention

Brief Narrative or Summary

Much of the research done to date on health priorities among individuals in poverty are very similar to what is displayed on Maslow's Hierachy of Needs. It shows that if basic physical needs are not met then individuals will not be concerned about other seemingly less important areas like diet and exercise. Our research shows that even when certain physiological needs are not met low income individuals still show interest in making healthier choices. This information could be helpful when designing public health programs for impoverished residents.

Scientific Abstract

IDENTIFYING HEALTH PRIORITIES AMONG PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING RESIDENTS. Sarita Roland, Emily Spence-Almeguer, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, and Scott Walters Objective: The objective of this project was to identify the health domains (i.e. diet, exercise, social support, recreation and leisure, medication adherence and substance use) Fort Worth Permanent Support Housing (PSH) residents choose to set goals in order to improve their quality of life. Background: Much of the research done on health priorities among individuals in poverty corresponds to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. This model hypothesizes that if basic physical needs, such as housing, are not met then individuals will not be concerned about other seemingly less important areas, such as diet and exercise. Methods: Monthly health coaching sessions were conducted with PSH residents in Fort Worth as part of the Mobile Community Health Assistance for Tenants (m.Chat) program. The 60-minute coaching sessions were conducted by 4 individuals trained in the use of motivational interviewing and interactive coaching software to track goals, progress and motivation. Goals were recorded at each health coaching session using a web-based platform and data was stored in Efforts to Outcomes (ETO) software. Frequencies for each health domain were calculated in ETO. Results: Individuals choose exercise and diet goals most frequently from the 27 goals within the domains of diet, exercise, social support, recreation and leisure, and medication adherence and substance use. Out of 83 tracked goals, 18% were related to improvements in diet, 16% were related to weight loss, and 11% were related to physical activity. Conclusions: The results of the research project showed that although the population in this study is struggling to get their basic physical needs met they still hold their health as a priority and wish to improve in areas such as diet and exercise. This information could be helpful when designing future public health interventions for impoverished residents.

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IDENTIFYING HEALTH PRIORITIES AMONG PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING RESIDENTS

IDENTIFYING HEALTH PRIORITIES AMONG PERMANENT SUPPORTIVE HOUSING RESIDENTS. Sarita Roland, Emily Spence-Almeguer, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, and Scott Walters Objective: The objective of this project was to identify the health domains (i.e. diet, exercise, social support, recreation and leisure, medication adherence and substance use) Fort Worth Permanent Support Housing (PSH) residents choose to set goals in order to improve their quality of life. Background: Much of the research done on health priorities among individuals in poverty corresponds to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. This model hypothesizes that if basic physical needs, such as housing, are not met then individuals will not be concerned about other seemingly less important areas, such as diet and exercise. Methods: Monthly health coaching sessions were conducted with PSH residents in Fort Worth as part of the Mobile Community Health Assistance for Tenants (m.Chat) program. The 60-minute coaching sessions were conducted by 4 individuals trained in the use of motivational interviewing and interactive coaching software to track goals, progress and motivation. Goals were recorded at each health coaching session using a web-based platform and data was stored in Efforts to Outcomes (ETO) software. Frequencies for each health domain were calculated in ETO. Results: Individuals choose exercise and diet goals most frequently from the 27 goals within the domains of diet, exercise, social support, recreation and leisure, and medication adherence and substance use. Out of 83 tracked goals, 18% were related to improvements in diet, 16% were related to weight loss, and 11% were related to physical activity. Conclusions: The results of the research project showed that although the population in this study is struggling to get their basic physical needs met they still hold their health as a priority and wish to improve in areas such as diet and exercise. This information could be helpful when designing future public health interventions for impoverished residents.