Presentation Title (IN ALL CAPS)

EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PROTECTIVE FACTORS ON DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG MEXICAN AMERICAN ADOLESCENTS

Departmental Affiliation and City, State, Zip for All Authors

NorTex, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX; NorTex, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX; NorTex, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX; NorTex and Department of Family Medicine, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX; NorTex and Department of Family Medicine, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX; NorTex and Department of Family Medicine, UNT Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX

Classification

SPH Student (For Competition)

Research Presentation Category

Health Disparities

Brief Narrative or Summary

Mental health is a current public health issue that has been reported by Healthy People 2020 and the World Health Organization as a target area. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009–2012 dataset revealed that 7.6% of Americans aged 12 and over had depression, with youth, ages 12-17, having a depression rate of 5.7%. Literature reports adolescence being a peak time for onset of depression in the life of an individual. Nonetheless, there is limited evidence on the protective factors for depression in youth. Furthermore, research shows that ethnic disparities in depressive symptoms exist in Hispanics, compared to Non-Hispanic whites, with the gap in literature about protective factors being even greater. The objective of this project is to explore the association between protective factors at the individual, family, and community level with depressive symptoms among Mexican American adolescents.

Scientific Abstract

Using the Social Ecological Model (SEM), this research attempts to explore protective factors for depressive symptoms in Mexican American adolescents. The levels of influence were selected from the SEM and protective factor variables were selected based on previous literature. A cross-sectional sample of 144 adolescents, ages 10-14, and their legal guardian were used to examine exposure to seven protective factors: 1) acculturation 2) self-worth 3) positive physical development 4) family meals together 5) parent attendance of child events 6) neighborhood safety and 7) presence of recreation centers. The total number of protective factor exposures was categorized into four levels: 1, 2, 3, ≥ 4 exposures and run in a logistic regression model as the exposure of interest with depressive symptoms as the outcome. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Total Score yielded from the CDI 2: Self-Report (Short) version (CDI 2: SR[S]). Depressive symptoms were dichotomized as not having depressive symptoms (Average/Lower Level) and having depressive symptoms (High Average, Elevated, and Very Elevated Levels). Of the boys (51% of sample), 10 (7%) had depressive symptoms, compared to 20 (14%) girls. Logistic regression adjusting for gender shows a relationship between protective factor exposures and depressive symptoms. Poverty, parent income, and BMI were not significantly associated with depressive symptoms. The model shows that for each increasing level of protective factor exposure there is a 0.168 (CI: 0.058, 0.490) odds for depressive symptoms. The results of this study support the role of protective factors in reducing depressive symptoms among Mexican American adolescents.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 

EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PROTECTIVE FACTORS ON DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS AMONG MEXICAN AMERICAN ADOLESCENTS

Using the Social Ecological Model (SEM), this research attempts to explore protective factors for depressive symptoms in Mexican American adolescents. The levels of influence were selected from the SEM and protective factor variables were selected based on previous literature. A cross-sectional sample of 144 adolescents, ages 10-14, and their legal guardian were used to examine exposure to seven protective factors: 1) acculturation 2) self-worth 3) positive physical development 4) family meals together 5) parent attendance of child events 6) neighborhood safety and 7) presence of recreation centers. The total number of protective factor exposures was categorized into four levels: 1, 2, 3, ≥ 4 exposures and run in a logistic regression model as the exposure of interest with depressive symptoms as the outcome. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Total Score yielded from the CDI 2: Self-Report (Short) version (CDI 2: SR[S]). Depressive symptoms were dichotomized as not having depressive symptoms (Average/Lower Level) and having depressive symptoms (High Average, Elevated, and Very Elevated Levels). Of the boys (51% of sample), 10 (7%) had depressive symptoms, compared to 20 (14%) girls. Logistic regression adjusting for gender shows a relationship between protective factor exposures and depressive symptoms. Poverty, parent income, and BMI were not significantly associated with depressive symptoms. The model shows that for each increasing level of protective factor exposure there is a 0.168 (CI: 0.058, 0.490) odds for depressive symptoms. The results of this study support the role of protective factors in reducing depressive symptoms among Mexican American adolescents.