Date of Award

5-1-2005

Degree Type

Restricted Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

Charles A. Guarnaccia

Second Advisor

James Hall

Third Advisor

Kimberly Kelly

Abstract

Bozo, Ozlem, Activities of Daily Living and Cardiovascular Risk Factors’ Impact on Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and Cognitive Functioning: A Three Stage Longitudinal Model. Doctor of Philosophy (Health Psychology), May, 2005, 122 pp., 23 tables, 4 figures, references, 50 titles. The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal relationship of daily living (ADL), cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiovascular diseases to predict the future cognitive functioning of older Americans who are between the ages of 51 and 61 at the time of initial assessment. Three waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) database between the years of 1992 and 2002 were examined with path analysis. The longitudinal hypotheses of the study were that (1) ADLs would positively predict future cognitive functioning, (2) ADLs would negatively predict future cardiovascular risk factors, (3) ADLS would negatively predict future cardiovascular diseases, (5) cardiovascular risk factors would negatively predict future cognitive functioning, (6) cardiovascular disease would negatively predict future cognitive functioning, (7) cardiovascular risk factors would mediate the relationship between ADLS and cardiovascular disease, and (8) cardiovascular disease would mediate the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive functioning. The results of the analyses indicate that there was no effect of cardiovascular disease on cognitive functioning; however, there were significant effects of cardiovascular risk factors on cognitive functioning that ranged between B=-/021 and B=-/145. Moreover, it was found that cardiovascular risk factors mediate the relationship between ADLs and cognitive functioning, while cardiovascular disease does not. These results suggest that addressing cardiovascular risk factors may be more important than addressing existing cardiovascular disease to protect future cognitive functioning. This shows the importance of primary/secondary prevention versus tertiary interventions.

Comments

Bozo, Ozlem, Activities of Daily Living and Cardiovascular Risk Factors’ Impact on Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and Cognitive Functioning: A Three Stage Longitudinal Model. Doctor of Philosophy (Health Psychology), May, 2005, 122 pp., 23 tables, 4 figures, references, 50 titles. W 4 B793a 2005

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