Date of Award

8-1-1995

Degree Type

Restricted Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Field of Study

Biomedical Sciences

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

H. Fred Downey

Second Advisor

James L. Caffrey

Third Advisor

Patricia A. Gwirtz

Abstract

Gao, Zhi-Ping, Role of Adenosine in Acute Hibernation of Guinea-Pig Myocardium Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Sciences), August, 1995; 111 pp; 3 tables; 15 figures, bibliography, 158 titles. Myocardial hibernation is a state of depressed contractile function and energy demand during chronic ischemia. When coronary flow is restored, depressed contractile function can partially or completely recover to the pre-ischemic level, and ischemic injury of the myocardium in not evident. This project tested the hypothesis that endogenous adenosine mediates hibernation in guinea-pig myocardium. Isolated working guinea-pig hearts, perfused with glucose fortified Krebs-Henseleit buffer, were subjected to global low-flow ischemia. Left ventricular performance and cytosolic energy level were assessed. Lactate and purine nucleotides were measured in venous effluent. Heart were perfused with [U-14C]glucose to investigate the role of adenosine on glucose metabolism in myocardium. Left ventricular function in untreated hearts decreased by 80% and remained stable during ischemia, and completely recovered upon reperfusion. Neither adenosine receptor blockade with 8-p-sulfophenyl theophylline (8-SPT; 20 μM) nor ecto 5’-nucleotidase inhibitor αβ-methylene adenosine 5’-diphosphonate (AOPCP; 50μM) affected left ventricular function either ischemia or during reperfusion. Cytosolic energy level fell by 67% at 10 min ischemia in untreated hearts, but subsequently recovered to the pre-ischemic level despite continued ischemia. Adenosine receptor blockade increased cytosolic energy level at 10 min ischemia relative to untreated hearts, but blunted the subsequent rebound of phosphorylation potential. Moreover, 8-SPT doubled ischemic lactate release. Adenosine receptor blockade also increased glucose uptake during pre-ischemia and hypoperfusion, but did not stimulate glucose oxidation. Crossover plots of glycolytic intermediates revealed that phosphofructokinase, a key rate-controlling step in glycolysis, was activated by adenosine receptor blockade in both pre-ischemic and hibernating myocardium. We conclude that 1) activation of adenosine receptors results in recovery of cytosolic energy level of moderately ischemic working myocardium, but this energetic recover is not solely responsible for post-ischemic contractile recovery; 2) endogenous adenosine attenuates anaerobic glycolysis during myocardial hibernation by blunting phosphofructokinase activity.

Comments

Gao, Zhi-Ping, Role of Adenosine in Acute Hibernation of Guinea-Pig Myocardium Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Sciences), August, 1995; 111 pp; 3 tables; 15 figures, bibliography, 158 titles. W 4 G211r 1995

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