Date of Award

8-1-2000

Degree Type

Restricted Access Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Field of Study

Biomedical Sciences

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

Eugene Quist

Second Advisor

Michael Martin

Third Advisor

Iok-Hou Pang

Abstract

Landry, Theresa A., Characterization of the Serotonin Receptors in the Long Posterior Ciliary Artery of the Bovine Eye. Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Science), August 2000, 14 pp., 5 tables, 29 illustrations, bibliography, 104 titles. Vascular disease and vasospasm are implicated in the etiology of glaucoma. The long posterior ciliary (LPCA) is the major blood supply for the ciliary body including the ciliary processes that produce aqueous humor. Information about the pharmacological control of this vessel would be helpful in understanding its normal and pathologic function. Serotonin (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter that effectively constricts the LPCA. The objective of this research is to identify the serotonin receptor subtype responsible for the 5-HT induced vasoconstriction of the LPCA and to characterize the cellular mechanisms that mediate that contraction. Ring segments of the LPCA were dissected from bovine eyes and mounted on tungsten triangles attached to a force transducer. Changes in vascular tension were measured and recorded using a physiography recorder. Dose response curves with 5-HT, 5-HT 1-like agonist, 5-CT, and 5-HT2 agonist, α-methyl-5-HT, indicate that the 5-HT 1-like receptor contributed about 15.13% to the contraction and the 5-HT2 receptor contributed to 61.61%. The EC50 for the three agonists were 283 nM (5-HT), 336 nM (5-CT), and 1.7 μM (α-methyl-5-HT). Inhibition curves with selective antagonists indicate that the IC50 is (5-HT 1-like antagonist) and ketanserin (5-HT2 antagonist). Following incubation of the rings with diltiazem 10 μM or nifedipine 10μM, the response to 5-HT was reduced 65.*% and 61.7% respectively. Incubation in calcium free PB produced similar results. Ryanodine inhibited the 5-HT contraction by 58.1% and caffeine inhibited the response 100%. PKC inhibitors bisindolymaleimide II 1 μM, disindolylamalemide II 10 μM, chelerythrine 25 μM and H-7 5 μM decreased the 5-HT response by19.8%, 55.7%, 31.1% and 61.5% respectively. Incubation of the ring segments with one of three PLC antagonists, 2-NCDC 70 μM, U73122 0.5μM, or neomycin 5 mM, prior to the addition of 1 μM serotonin, significantly reduced the contraction of each vessel, p<0.0001. The 5-HT-induced vasoconstriction of the LPCA of the bovine eye is mediated through activation of both 5-HT2 and 5-HT 1-like receptors. The contraction is dependent on the mobilization of calcium and is mediated in part through PLC activated intracellular calcium release from IP3 sensitive stores.

Comments

Landry, Theresa A., Characterization of the Serotonin Receptors in the Long Posterior Ciliary Artery of the Bovine Eye. Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Science), August 2000, 14 pp., 5 tables, 29 illustrations, bibliography, 104 titles. W 4 L262C 2000

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