Date of Award

12-1-2008

Degree Type

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

Harlan Jones

Second Advisor

Porunellor Mathew

Third Advisor

Peter Koulen

Abstract

IL-17A-secreting CD4 T cells (Th17 cells) have been demonstrated to play pivotal roles in modulating immune responses during various types to infectious and autoimmune diseases. While 1L-17A secreting CD8 T cells have been detected in numerous disease models, much less is known about them. In this thesis, the differentiation conditions and effector functions of IL-17A-secreting CD8 T cells have been examined. In order to differentiate naïve CD8 T cells into IL-17A secretors, TGF-β, IL-6, and neutralization of IFN-γ are required as in Th17 cells. IL-17A-secreting CD8 T cells produce the effector cytokines, IL-17A, IL-17F and IL-22, but do not produce granzyme B, implicating the lack of cytotoxicity. Furthermore, IL-17A-secreting CD8 T cells can respond to exogenous cytokines without a cognate antigen, suggesting that they can act in an innate fashion. Collectively, IL-17A-secreting CD8 T cells possess the same effector functions as Th17 cells, and thus may play as significant roles in various diseases at Th17 cells.

Comments

W 4.5 L481C 2008

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