Date of Award

5-1-2007

Degree Type

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Field of Study

Microbiology and Immunology

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

Porunelloor Mathew

Second Advisor

Rance Berg

Third Advisor

Harlan Jones

Abstract

Rao, Krithi K., Functional role of human 2B4 (CD244) isoforms in natural killer cells. Master of Science (Immunology), July, 2007, 66 pp., 15 illustrations, bibliography. Natural killer (NK) cells are a subpopulation of lymphoctyes that play an important role against tumor metastasis and various viral and bacterial infections. NK cell functions are controlled by a balance between positive and negative signals through various receptors. We have identified, cloned, and characterized the 2B4 (CD244) receptor in mice and human. 2B4 is involved in killing cancer cells and virus-infected cells by NK cells. 2B4 is involved in killing cancer cells and virus-infected cells by NK cells. 2B4 is a counter-receptor for CD48 and recent findings show that 2B4-CD48 interactions plan an important role in NK, T and B cell functions. In humans, two isoforms of 2B4, h2B4-A and h2B4-B, are expressed that differ in the extracellular domain. In the present investigation, we have studied the functions of h2B4-A and h2B4-B. Our data demonstrate that these two isoforms differ in their binding affinity for CD48, resulting in differential cytolytic function as well as cytokine production by NK cells. Thus, differential expression of 2B4 isoforms by NK cells may regulate immune responses mediated through 2B4-CD48 interactions.

Comments

Rao, Krithi K., Functional role of human 2B4 (CD244) isoforms in natural killer cells. Master of Science (Immunology), July, 2007, 66 pp., 15 illustrations, bibliography. W 4.5 R215F 2007

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