Date of Award

8-1-2008

Degree Type

Restricted Access Professional Report

Degree Name

Master of Science

Field of Study

Biomedical Sciences

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

First Advisor

John Planz

Second Advisor

Arthur Eisenberg

Third Advisor

Joseph Warren

Abstract

Lopez, Kristen M., Comparison of DNA Extraction Methods From Bone to be Used with the DNA IQ System on the Maxwell 16 for Human Identification . Masters of Science (Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences), August, 2008, 52 pp., 11 tables, 15 figures, bibliography, 24 titles. Extraction and purification of DNA from human bones is essential for correctly identifying the remains through DNA analysis. Current DNA extraction methods include a demineralization step, which extracts calcium and phosphate from the bone matrix, inactivation of DNAses, and the removal of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) inhibitors. These methods often use harsh chemicals and may allow for residual DNA to be discarded in various wash steps. To assess the effectiveness of DNA extraction from bone samples, two extraction protocols were compared. The first method included a bone demineralization pretreatment solution of Sodium N-Laurylsarcosinate, 0.5 M EDTA, and Proteinase K (20 mg/ml). The second included a pretreatment using a Bone Incubation Buffer by Promega Corporation, with an addition of Proteinase K (18mg/ml). Various incubation times were included to assess the extraction at different time intervals. All extracted samples were purified with the DNA IQ Reference Sample Kit on the automated Maxwell 16 Instrument (Promega Corp.). Full and partial profiles were obtained from samples extracted with the Bone Incubation pretreatment, regardless of incubation time. Profiles were not observed with the standard demineralization pretreatment when amplified at 28 cycles, with partial profiles present in a few samples when amplified at 32 cycles.

Comments

Lopez, Kristen M., Comparison of DNA Extraction Methods From Bone to be Used with the DNA IQ System on the Maxwell 16 for Human Identification . Masters of Science (Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences), August, 2008, 52 pp., 11 tables, 15 figures, bibliography, 24 titles W 4.8 L864C 2008

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