Abstract Title

Does Physical Activity Level Differ Between Those With and Without Diagnosed Arthritis in Middle Aged Females?

Presenter Name

Amanda Carroll, PA-S

RAD Assignment Number

1000

Abstract

Purpose: Current clinical guidelines regarding the recommended physical activity levels for middle aged females with arthritis are unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether physical activity levels differ between those with and without diagnosed arthritis in middle-aged females.

Methods: This cross-sectional analysis used 2015 BRFSS data for females ages 45-64 from Arkansas, Mississippi, and Alabama. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between physical activity levels and arthritis while controlling for weight status, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, activity limitations, heart disease, depression, educational level, and ethnicity/race.

Results: Approximately half of females 45-65 years-old reported a diagnosis of arthritis (44-49%) and less than half reported being physically inactive (38-45%). Overall, physical activity levels did not significantly differ between those with and without arthritis. However, arthritis was significantly related to activity limitations, heart disease, and depression.

Conclusion: Overall, physical activity levels did not differ between those with and without arthritis in females ages 45-64 years old. Across 2 or 3 states, an arthritis diagnosis was significantly related to activity limitations, a diagnosis of angina or coronary heart disease, and a diagnosis of depression. However, no information was available regarding patient medications, compliance, or current management of arthritis. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that if a patient presents with arthritis, activity limitations, coronary heart disease, or depression, primary care providers should screen for all four conditions, provide education, and treat accordingly.

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Research Area

General Medicine

Presentation Type

Poster

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Does Physical Activity Level Differ Between Those With and Without Diagnosed Arthritis in Middle Aged Females?

Purpose: Current clinical guidelines regarding the recommended physical activity levels for middle aged females with arthritis are unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether physical activity levels differ between those with and without diagnosed arthritis in middle-aged females.

Methods: This cross-sectional analysis used 2015 BRFSS data for females ages 45-64 from Arkansas, Mississippi, and Alabama. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between physical activity levels and arthritis while controlling for weight status, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption, activity limitations, heart disease, depression, educational level, and ethnicity/race.

Results: Approximately half of females 45-65 years-old reported a diagnosis of arthritis (44-49%) and less than half reported being physically inactive (38-45%). Overall, physical activity levels did not significantly differ between those with and without arthritis. However, arthritis was significantly related to activity limitations, heart disease, and depression.

Conclusion: Overall, physical activity levels did not differ between those with and without arthritis in females ages 45-64 years old. Across 2 or 3 states, an arthritis diagnosis was significantly related to activity limitations, a diagnosis of angina or coronary heart disease, and a diagnosis of depression. However, no information was available regarding patient medications, compliance, or current management of arthritis. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that if a patient presents with arthritis, activity limitations, coronary heart disease, or depression, primary care providers should screen for all four conditions, provide education, and treat accordingly.