Abstract Title

Hypertensive young adult female obese zucker rats (OZR) do not have the blunted baroreflexes and poor glycemic control observed in age-matched hypertensive male OZR

Presenter Name

Parul Chaudhary

RAD Assignment Number

1402

Abstract

Purpose: Obese Zucker rats (OZR) have hyperphagia owing to dysfunctional leptin receptors and gain excess weight compared to lean Zucker rats (LZR) with functional leptin receptors. Young adult male OZR (12-14 wks) develop hypertension and impaired baroreflexes coincident with blunted activation of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), the brain stem site that receives baroreceptor afferent inputs. Male OZR at this age have hyperinsulinemia and chronically elevated fed glucose levels (despite normal fasting glucose) with significant glucose intolerance as measured by telemetry (DSI). Treatment with metformin (300mg/day, 4 wks) restores glycemic control in OZR without eliminating hypertension or hyperinsulinemia, with no effect on these measures in LZR. After treatment with metformin male OZR have improved baroreflexes and activation of the NTS, suggesting hyperglycemia contributes to these deficits in adult male OZR. In contrast to males, at this age female OZR are hypertensive but do not develop impaired baroreflex-mediated changes in heart rate (HR; Tenorio et al., 2013). The present study examined whether preserved baroreflex-mediated changes in HR in female OZR extend to sympathetic baroreflexes and diminished activation of the NTS and whether female OZR maintain glycemic control at this age (13-14 wks).

Method: Female zucker rats were instrumented with indwelling femoral catheters run through a tether to record MAP and HR and infuse drugs while rats were conscious and undisturbed. After 24hours of rest, baseline parameters were recorded, and phenylephrine (PE) was infused through the venous line to raise MAP by 40 mmHg to evoke bradycardia response. PE infusion was continued for 90 min to evoke PE-induced c-Fos expression in the brainstem. A different set of rats was anesthetized with isoflurane for surgical preparation to measure MAP (femoral artery) and splanchnic sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and to infuse drugs (femoral vein). Following this, the rat was anesthetized with urethane (1.5g/kg iv LZR body weight), ventilated, and paralyzed. Additionally, a set of female rats was instrumented with telemetry to monitor continuous glucose recording in undisturbed female zucker rats.

Results: Female OZR had excess weight gain (215±8 g vs. 483±14 g in 9 LZR and 10 OZR, P

Conclusion: These data suggest better maintenance of glycemic control in hypertensive, hyperinsulinemic young adult female OZR may preserve activation of the NTS and baroreflexes. In addition, these data highlight differing mechanisms for the development of hypertension and impaired control of SNA and HR by baroreflexes in the setting of metabolic syndrome.

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Research Area

Integrative Physiology

Presentation Type

Poster

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Hypertensive young adult female obese zucker rats (OZR) do not have the blunted baroreflexes and poor glycemic control observed in age-matched hypertensive male OZR

Purpose: Obese Zucker rats (OZR) have hyperphagia owing to dysfunctional leptin receptors and gain excess weight compared to lean Zucker rats (LZR) with functional leptin receptors. Young adult male OZR (12-14 wks) develop hypertension and impaired baroreflexes coincident with blunted activation of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), the brain stem site that receives baroreceptor afferent inputs. Male OZR at this age have hyperinsulinemia and chronically elevated fed glucose levels (despite normal fasting glucose) with significant glucose intolerance as measured by telemetry (DSI). Treatment with metformin (300mg/day, 4 wks) restores glycemic control in OZR without eliminating hypertension or hyperinsulinemia, with no effect on these measures in LZR. After treatment with metformin male OZR have improved baroreflexes and activation of the NTS, suggesting hyperglycemia contributes to these deficits in adult male OZR. In contrast to males, at this age female OZR are hypertensive but do not develop impaired baroreflex-mediated changes in heart rate (HR; Tenorio et al., 2013). The present study examined whether preserved baroreflex-mediated changes in HR in female OZR extend to sympathetic baroreflexes and diminished activation of the NTS and whether female OZR maintain glycemic control at this age (13-14 wks).

Method: Female zucker rats were instrumented with indwelling femoral catheters run through a tether to record MAP and HR and infuse drugs while rats were conscious and undisturbed. After 24hours of rest, baseline parameters were recorded, and phenylephrine (PE) was infused through the venous line to raise MAP by 40 mmHg to evoke bradycardia response. PE infusion was continued for 90 min to evoke PE-induced c-Fos expression in the brainstem. A different set of rats was anesthetized with isoflurane for surgical preparation to measure MAP (femoral artery) and splanchnic sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and to infuse drugs (femoral vein). Following this, the rat was anesthetized with urethane (1.5g/kg iv LZR body weight), ventilated, and paralyzed. Additionally, a set of female rats was instrumented with telemetry to monitor continuous glucose recording in undisturbed female zucker rats.

Results: Female OZR had excess weight gain (215±8 g vs. 483±14 g in 9 LZR and 10 OZR, P

Conclusion: These data suggest better maintenance of glycemic control in hypertensive, hyperinsulinemic young adult female OZR may preserve activation of the NTS and baroreflexes. In addition, these data highlight differing mechanisms for the development of hypertension and impaired control of SNA and HR by baroreflexes in the setting of metabolic syndrome.